The American Revolution and the Habsburg Monarchy (Charlottesville/London: University of Virginia Press, 2021).
UVA Press Store: https://www.upress.virginia.edu/title/5768
In 1783, the Peace of Paris treaties famously concluded the American Revolution. However, the Revolution could have come to an end two years earlier had diplomats from the Habsburg realms—the largest continental European power—succeeded in their attempts to convene a Congress of Vienna in 1781. Bringing together materials from nearly fifty American, Austrian, Belgian, British, Czech, Dutch, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Slovak, and Swedish archives, Jonathan Singerton reconstructs the full sweep of relations between the nascent United States and one of the oldest European dynasties during and after the American Revolution.
The first account to analyze the impact of the American Revolution in the Habsburg lands in full, this book highlights how the American call to liberty was answered across the furthest reaches of central and eastern Europe. Although the United States failed to sway one of the largest, most powerful states in Europe to its side in the War for American Independence, for several years, the Habsburg ruling and mercantile elites saw opportunity, especially for commerce, in the news of the American Revolution. In the end, only Thomas Jefferson’s disdain for Holy Roman Emperor Joseph II and avoidance of Habsburg diplomatic representatives in Paris prevented Vienna’s formal recognition of the United States, resulting in a half century of uneven Habsburg-American relations.
By delineating the earliest social and economic exchanges between the Habsburg monarchy and the United States after 1776, Singerton offers a broad reexamination of the American Revolution and its international reverberations and presents the Habsburg monarchy as a globally-oriented power in the late eighteenth century.
Chapter Outline of The American Revolution and the Habsburg Monarchy
Chapter One: “England is the Motherland and America the Daughter?” – Colonial and Revolutionary America in the Habsburg Mind
Chapter Two: “Some Here Are Warm for the Part of America” – The American Revolution and the Imperial Court at Vienna, 1776-1783
Chapter Three: “Angels of the New Republic” – The American Revolutionary Influence in the Habsburg Lands, 1776-1789
Chapter Four: “The Big and Furious Game” – The Difficulty of Habsburg Neutrality in the War of American Independence, 1775-1783
Chapter Five: “The Long, Laborious, and Most Odious Task” – The First Struggle for Recognition between the Habsburg Monarchy and the United States of America, 1775-1779
Chapter Six: “Wedded to the System They Have Embraced” – The Habsburgs as Mediators and Profiteers in the War of American Independence, 1780-1783
Chapter Seven: “A New Set of Merchants” – The Development of Post-war Commerce between the Habsburg Monarchy and the United States of America, 1783-1785
Chapter Eight: “If His Imperial Majesty Should Think Fit” – The First Habsburg Representatives in the United States of America, 1783-1789
Chapter Nine: “A Trifling Personage” – Thomas Jefferson and the Second Struggle for Recognition between the Habsburg Monarchy and the United States of America, 1785-1786
Epilogue: “I Am Happy Only When I can Find a New World for Myself” – The Residue of Revolution in the Habsburg Lands, 1787-1795